Saturday, April 30, 2011

Ramanuja's Gita Bhashyam - Chapter 2 - sloka 27

The entire content of this mail is an abstract from Swami Adidevananda's translation of  The  Gita Bhashya, published by Ramakrishna Mission.

The materialistic standpoint - 26-28
1 Gita Sloka every day - Chapter 2 - Samkhya Yoga - Sloka 27

Jatasya hi dhruva mrutyuh dhruvam janma mrutasya cha I
Tasmad apari harye arthe na tvam shochitum arhasi II sloka 27
जातस्य हि ध्रुवः   मृत्युः ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च ।
तस्मात  अपरी हार्ये अर्थे न त्वं शोचितुम अर्हसि ।।श्लोक २७ 

For death is certain for the born and  rebirth is certain for the dead; T
herefore y
ou should not feel grief for what is  inevitable

For what has originated, the destruction is certain - it is seen to be inevitable. Similarly what has perished will inevitably originate. How should this be understood - that there is origination for that (entity) which has perished? It is seen that an existing entity only can originate and not a non-existent one. Origination, annihilation etc. are merely particular states of an existent entity. 

Lets take an example - thread does really exist. When arranged in a particular way, it is called clothes. it is seen that even those who call the cloth a new entity, will admit that no entity over and above the particular arrangement of threads is seen. It is therefore not tenable to believe that a new entity has emerged, since  the process of manufacture has only created a new name and special functions for the thread. No new entity emerges. 

Origination & annihilation 
of an existent entity are thus only  particular stages. an entity is born and dies. This evolving entity goes through a sequence of evolutionary stages. For instance, clay becomes a lump, a jug, a postherd and finally powder. Therefor what is called annihilation of a current entity is also then the birth or attainment of a next stage of evolving. This annihilation itself becomes therefore the birth of the next stage. Thus the sequence called birth and annihilation being inevitable for an evolving entity, it is not worthy for you to grieve. 

Sri Krishna syas that not even the slightest grief arising from seeing an entity passing existing stage to an opposite stage, is justifiable in regard to human beings, etc.

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2 - Samkhya Yoga - Sloka 28

The entire content of this mail is from Swami Chidbhavananda's translation of  The Bhagavad Gita, published by Ramakrishna Mission.

The materialistic standpoint - 26-28

1 Gita Sloka every day - Chapter 2 - Samkhya Yoga - Sloka 28 

Avyakta adini bhootani vyakta madhyani bharata I

Avyakta nidhanany eva tatra ka paridevana II sloka 28

अव्यक्त आदिनि भूतानि व्यक्त मध्यानि भारत ।

अव्यक्त निधनानि एव तत्र का परिदेवना ।।

Beings are all, O Bharata, unmanifested in their origin, manifested in their mid-state and unmanifested again in their end. What is the point then for anguish. 

Beings claimed as kith and kin are those that have come into being now. Persons contacted in dream had not been in existence before; they would not be after the dream breaks. Though existing in the mid state, actually they are not. According to materialism, the so called relatives have assumed forms in conformity with the law of nature; they will again cease to be; lamenting therefore over the temporarily appearing individuals serves no purpose.